Jones, H. (2016). IRUS-UK and ORCIDS. JISC Scholarly Communications Blog. 01-12-16. https://scholarlycommunications.jiscinvolve.org/wp/2016/12/01/irus-uk-and-orcids/
In a changing research environment, we are seeing increased importance placed on Open Access materials available via institutional repositories. Providing open access to research outputs, via institutional repositories, offers institutions an opportunity to gain a clearer understanding of their organisational research profile. This includes understanding what is being accessed and the extent to which it is being accessed. In order to gain a fuller and more accurate picture of usage it is not only important to be able to access standardised statistics but it is also important to be able to accurately identify individual authors even in cases where the authors may share the same name. The Open Researcher and Contributor IDentifier (ORCID) is clearly of value in this scenario. In this respect, recent work by IRUS-UK points to improvements that will benefit the research community.
Crotty, D. (2016). A painful (but true-to-life) look at data availability and reuse. The Scholarly Kitchen Blog. 09-11-16. Full Text
While there’s a growing recognition in the value of data archiving and public availability of research data for reuse, putting things into practice is proving a long, slow process. One of the biggest stumbling points is that researchers only rarely receive formal training in data management, and are often left to work out their own schemes for how they will collect and store information.
Comment: This short piece includes a video and some heated discussion which highlights the fact that “training… is sparse, and that this harms our ability to maximize the value we can derive from that data”.
(2016, July). Report on the Proceedings of the International advances in digital scholarship JISC and CNI conference. Oxford University, UK. http://repository.jisc.ac.uk/6511/1/jisc-and-cni-2016-report-on-proceedings.pdf
This report describes the diversity of the discussions, conclusions, and potential follow-on actions that took place during this JISC and the Coalition of Networked Information CNI conference. The following are three compelling results from the conference.
- There are new concerns around openness and transparency when it comes to analytics, whether for research or learning; this is about the openness of algorithms and being transparent about the data used to drive any analytics or draw insights and metrics
- There is a common desire and need for consistent and open identifiers, for example for digital outputs, people, places, organisations, etc. Progress in this area has been made but there is much further work to do. We need a commitment to global solutions and serious commitments to interoperability here
- Shared infrastructure and services is a very live issue on both sides of the Atlantic and how to create sustainable infrastructure is key, but also there was, we think more strongly than ever before a desire not to re-invent the wheel and to genuinely think about sharing services more widely, while recognizing the real organisational challenges of finding ways to do so
Boselli, B., & Galindo-Rueda, F. (2016). Drivers and Implications of Scientific Open Access Publishing (OECD Science, Technology and Industry Policy Papers). Paris: Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development. http://www.oecd-ilibrary.org/content/workingpaper/5jlr2z70k0bx-en
This paper presents the results of a new and experimental study on the research and publishing activities of scientific authors. It also aimed to test the feasibility of an OECD global survey on science with a focus on major emerging policy issues. This online, email-based pilot survey was based on a stratified random sample of corresponding authors of publications listed in a major global scientific publication index across seven diverse, hand-picked science domains. More
Bankier, J.-G., & Chatterji, P. (2016). 100 Stories: The Impact of Open Access. https://works.bepress.com/jean_gabriel_bankier/27/
This pre-print attempts to answer the question: “why does open access matter?” It begins to bridge that gap by presenting a framework, drawn from 100 real stories that describe the impact of open access. Collected by bepress from across 500 institutions and 1400 journals using Digital Commons as their publishing and/or institutional repository platform, these stories present information about actual outcomes, benefits, and impacts. This report brings to light the wide variety of scholarly and cultural activity that takes place on university campuses and the benefit resulting from greater visibility and access to these materials. The authors aspire to move the open access conversation forward by making the case, backed by data, that the benefits of open access are real, widespread and significant.
(2016). Digital Science Report: The state of open data. London, UK: Digital Science and Figshare. https://www.digital-science.com/resources/portfolio-reports/state-open-data/?utm_source=Institution+Newsletter&utm_campaign=9b0e848a90-DRR_StateOfOpenData_Oct_2016&utm_medium=email&utm_term=0_efc48f6af2-9b0e848a90-126366273
The data repository Figshare has released the results of a global survey of 2,000 researchers in a landmark report, The State of Open Data. The report highlights the extent of awareness around open data, the incentives around its use and perspectives researchers have about making their own research data open. It also includes international viewpoints on the adoption of open data globally along with a foreword from Sir Nigel Shadbolt. The report is supported by Digital Science and the survey was conducted in partnership with Springer Nature.
Kita, J-C, Duchange, N. & Ponsati, A. (2016, Oct.). Open Access Publishing Policies in Science Europe Member Organisations Key Results from Science Europe and Global Research Council Surveys. Science Europe. http://www.scienceeurope.org/wp-content/uploads/2016/10/SE_OpenAccess_SurveyReport.pdf
This survey report presents an overview of the development of the OA policies of Science Europe Member Organisations up to 2014.
Pinfield S.(2015). Making Open Access work: The “state-of-the-art” in providing Open Access to scholarly literature. Online Information Review. 39(5). http://dx.doi.org/10.1108/OIR-05-2015-0167 Request Full Text
The purpose of this paper is to provide an overview of one of the most important and controversial areas of scholarly communication: Open Access publishing and dissemination of research outputs. It identifies and discusses recent trends and future challenges for various stakeholders in delivering Open Access (OA) to the scholarly literature.
Picarra, M. (2015, Dec.). Monitoring compliance with Open Access policies. PASTEUR4OA. Full Text
In the last few years, academic communities have seen an increase in the number of Open Access (OA) policies being adopted at the institutional and funder levels. In parallel to policy implementation, institutions and funders have also been engaged in developing mechanisms to monitor academics and researchers compliance with the existing OA policies. This study highlights a few of the cases where compliance is being effectively monitored by institutions and funders. More